Nemadji is from the Ojibwe language, meaning left-hand river—when traders approached the west end of Lake Superior, the mouth of the Nemadji was on the left; to the right was the estuary of the St. Louis. Photo by USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Nemadji River

the following is from: Handbook of Wisconsin by S. Silas, 1855 The head of Lake Superior is about twelve miles wide, and forms two semi-circular points. The Southern, or Wisconsin point, is four miles long, and the northern, or Minnesota point, is eight miles long. The St. Louis and Left Hand Rivers meet and discharge their waters into the Lake between these points. Inside of the points the river forms a bay eight miles long, and from one to two miles wide, with from six to twenty-four feet of water. The points are from twenty to sixty rods wide, sandy grounds, covered with yellow pine and an undergrowth of whortleberry. These are the great summer camping grounds of the Chippewa Indians, and here large quantities of the Siskawit, Trout and Whitefish are caught in the Lake and around the entry to the Bay. The St. Louis River is navigable for Lake steamers for eighteen miles to the American Fur Company's post, sometimes called Fond du Lac, and is a succession of bays, islands covered with blue joint grass, bayous, and channels, among which a stranger would easily be lost in the attempt to navigate it without a guide. The Left Hand River is a narrow, deep stream, and can be navigated with keel boats for a distance of ten miles. These rivers abound in the Muskelonge, Pickerel, Pike, Bass, and other river fish.  The entry to the bay is sixty rods wide, with nine feet of water on the bar--is a hard gravel bottom, and does not shift.

Minnesota: North fork rises in South Carlton County, c.15 mi/24 km SSW of Carlton; 46°24'N 92°30'W; flows generally NE c.25 mi/40 km to join South Fork near WI MN state line in Douglas County. South fork formed by joining of several small creeks in S Carlton County, NE Minn. c.13 mi/21 km S of Carlton; flows c.15 mi/24 km to North fork.

Wisconsin: c.20 mi/32 km long, Douglas County, formed by joining of North and South Forks, 15 mi/24 km SSW of Superior (Wis.), at MN state line; flows NE into Allouez Bay to Lake Superior, 4 mi/6.4 km in SE section of Superior.

Approximately 60% of the Nemadji watershed lies in Minnesota and 40% in Wisconsin.